Author-Date System Basics
The author-date citation style is used by professionals in the sciences and social sciences. Rather than using footnotes or endnotes, the author-date style uses parenthetical references and a works cited list.
The citation will be found after the in-text quotation, summary, or paraphrase. The basic format includes the author's last name and the year of publication and is enclosed in parentheses. Page numbers are included in parenthetical references when a specific page or pages are referenced and is separated from the first two elements by a comma.
Questions related to authorship
When there is no personal author, organization, editor, or translator listed as author, the work's title is used and may be shortened. However, it must include the first word, unless the first word is an article (i.e. a, an, the).
Questions related to the work's date
If there is no date, n.d. takes the place of the date.
Reference List/ Works Cited List Basics
Reference list entries are very similar to the bibliography entries used in the Notes and Bibliography system.
Similarities include the following:
Dissimilarities include the following:
Names in Reference list entries
If there is no date for a publication, n.d. takes the place of the date.