Company profiles, market reports, and other business sources
The following examples are based on Appendix 10.4 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, pp. 329-330, and examples from the APA Style Blog.
Find out if report was created by an individual analyst. If the report provides the name of analyst, list them as the author.
If not, use the name of the publisher or organization for the author.
Provide a retrieval date within the source element only when listing work that is likely to change over time (e.g., Google Maps, U.S. Census Bureau).
Include URL only when it is necessary for the viewer to access work from that specific archive.
Adding descriptions for gray literature items
Some types of items, such as government reports, research reports, codes of ethics, press releases, and policy briefs are part of a category of sources called "gray literature." These items may include original research but are not published in the formal manner of sources like journal articles. APA style recommends describing the type of item in brackets [ ] after the title of the item for gray literature sources. You will notice this in the examples for "Standard & Poor's stock reports," "ReferenceUSA," and "Nexis Uni Company Dossier" below.
More information about gray literature can be found within Section 10.4 on p. 329 of the APA Manual, 7th edition.
Infogroup. (2020, September). Ford Motor Company (1 American Road #904, Dearborn, MI). ReferenceUSA. September 7, 2020. https://www.referenceusa.com
*Address is included to help distinguish location for companies that have more than one site in the state
Glickman, S. (2020, January). Energy Equipment & Services. CRFA. S&P Capital IQ NetAdvantage. https://www.capitaliq.com/
(Kamp, K., 2019)
Kamp, K. (2019, August). Fruit - US. Mintel.
MarketLine. (2020, January 23). Volkswagen AG. Business Source Complete.
Gale. (2020). Adult Fiction Book Sales, 2018. In R. S. Lazich & V. L. Burton, III (Eds.), Market Share Reporter (30th ed.).
LexisNexis. (n.d.). Klipsch Group Co. [Company profile]. Retrieved September 7, 2020, from https://www.lexisnexis.com/