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Create Your MLA Style Citations

Visit this guide to find examples of MLA style citations for your reference list and information about in-text citations.

Websites

Corporate author and website publisher the same

When a website is created and published by the same entity, skip the author element, listing the title of the website or webpage first, followed by the name of the organization as the publisher only. (For example, see the citation for "Webpage on a website with an organizational author" below.) 

Abbreviating titles for in-text citations

When the title is used as the first element in the entry on the Works Cited page, the title will be used in the in-text citation. Abbreviate the title for the in-text citation. Remove the, a, or an from the title and include the initial noun phrase as the abbreviated title (see example below for "Webpage without publication date"). The first word in the abbreviated title will be the word that the entry is alphabetized by on the Works Cited page so that it's easy for the reader to locate. If the title is short and only consists of a noun phrase, the title in the in-text citation will simply be the full title (see example below for "Webpage on a website with an organizational author"). For more details about abbreviating titles, see p. 117 of the MLA Handbook

Date Accessed

While not required, including the date you first consulted an online source is encouraged, especially since websites can change.  Add it at the end of the citation, using the word "Accessed."  ex. Accessed 28 May 2018.

Webpage on a news website

In-text:

(Willingham and Elkin)

Works Cited list:

Willingham, AJ, and Elizabeth Elkin. “There's a Severe Shortage of Mental Health Professionals in Rural Areas. Here's Why That's a Serious Problem.” CNN, Cable News Network, 22 June 2018, www.cnn.com/2018/06/20/health/mental-health-rural-areas-issues-trnd/index.html.

Webpage without publication date

In-text:

("Safety Tips")

Works Cited list:

Safety Tips for Traveling.” RAINN, www.rainn.org/articles/safety-tips-traveling. Accessed 24 June 2020.

Webpage on a website with an organizational author

In-text:

("Adolescent Mental Health")

Works Cited list:

 “Adolescent Mental Health.” World Health Organization, 28 Sept. 2019, www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-mental-health.

Webpage on a website with an individual author

In-text:

(Morell)

Reference list:

Morell, Virginia. “Hummingbirds can see colors we can’t even imagine.” National Geographic,15 June 2020, www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/06/hummingbirds-see-colors-outside-rainbow/.

Online dictionary entry

In-text:

("Capricious")

Works Cited list:

“Capricious.” Merriam-Webster.com, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/capricious. Accessed 28 Oct. 2020.

Wikipedia

In-text:

("July Crisis")

Works Cited list:

“July Crisis.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 26 May 2020, Wikimedia Foundation, www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_Crisis. Accessed 10 June 2020.

Online PDF

In-text:

("MLA Sample Paper")

Works Cited list:

“MLA Sample Paper.” The Purdue OWL, Purdue U Writing Lab, 2016, www.owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/documents/20190822MLASamplePaper.pdf.