MLA Style, 8th Edition
This guide gives examples of several types of citations for your Works Cited page for different types of items, ranging from books and articles to online videos. In-text citations are also included for each example.
The current, 8th edition of the MLA Handbook emphasizes listing 'containers' in the citation for the Works Cited page. The 'container' is the holder of the item that you are citing - for example, if you find an article in a library database, you would include the database name in the citation (see examples under 'Academic journal articles'). If you are citing a video found on YouTube, YouTube is also included in the citation. This helps others find the sources you used.
For more information about creating MLA Style citations:
Abbreviations allow for a more efficient use of space on the Works Cited page. Months are among some of the most commonly abbreviated terms. Use the abbreviated forms below for the months when formatting your citations:
Other common abbreviations include:
|et al.||and others (often used in citations when there are several authors)|
|no.||number (used in academic journal citations for issue numbers)|
|par.||paragraph (only used if the source you are citing has numbered paragraphs)|
|UP||University Press (often used in citations if the publisher name includes "University Press")|
|vol.||volume (used in academic journal citations for volume numbers)|
For a complete list of MLA abbreviations including those used for books of the Bible and the works of Shakespeare, see the MLA Handbook pp. 95-101.